Hermocrates

Hermocrates

▪ Greek diplomat
died 408/407 BC

      leader of the moderate democrats of Syracuse, Sicily; he played an important role in saving the city from conquest by the Athenians between 415 and 413 BC.

      In 424, during the Peloponnesian War (431–404) between Athens and Sparta, Hermocrates persuaded the cities of Sicily to agree to make peace, thus ending the three-year war between his city and Sicily's pro-Athenian towns. The Athenian forces, which had been sent to Sicily to support Greek settlements there, were forced to withdraw. In 415, however, the Athenians returned to besiege Syracuse with a larger army. Hermocrates headed the Syracusan defense—with limited success—until the Spartan officer Gylippus arrived with reinforcements. After the Athenian fleet was crushed in the final sea battle in the harbour at Syracuse (413), Hermocrates tricked the Athenians' army into delaying its retreat, thus giving the Syracusans time to block the escape routes. Soon after the Athenian army surrendered, Hermocrates sailed with a small squadron of Syracusan ships to help Sparta fight against Athens in the eastern Aegean Sea (412–410). In his absence the radical democrat Diocles seized power in Syracuse. Declared an exile, Hermocrates was killed attempting to force his way back in the winter of 408–407.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hermocrates — (Ancient Greek: Polytonic|Ἑρμοκράτης) was a general of Syracuse during the Athenians Sicilian Expedition.The first historical reference to Hermocrates is at the congress of Gela in 424 BC, where he gave a speech demanding the Sicilian Greeks to… …   Wikipedia

  • Hermócrates — (griego: Έρμοκράτης) fue un general de Siracusa durante la expedición a Sicilia de los atenienses. Su primera aparición fue en el congreso de Gela en 424 a. C., donde pronunció un discurso pidiendo a los griegos sicilianos unirse a su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • HERMOCRATES — I. HERMOCRATES Phocensis, Sophistica facultate clarus, Antipatri, magistri Epistolarum Seu. Principis, filiam haud formâ bonâ invitus, Imp. cogente, duxit, quam postea repudiavit. Philostrat. II. HERMOCRATES Princeps Syrausis, qui servilem tum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hermocrates (dialogue) — Hermocrates is a hypothetic dialogue, assumed to be the third part of Plato s late trilogy along with Timaeus and Critias . Since Plato never completed the Critias for an unknown reason, it is quite certain that he never began writing the… …   Wikipedia

  • Hermocrates, S. — S. Hermocrates, (27. Juli), ein Martyrer zu Nikomedia in Bithynien. S. im I. Bande S. Caecus. (VI. 426.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Speech of Hermocrates at Gela — The Speech of Hermocrates at Gela is a speech recorded by the historian Thucydides in book four of his History of the Peloponnesian War. [Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War , 4.59 4.64. ] The speeches in Thucydides History are usually… …   Wikipedia

  • ГЕРМОКРАТ —    • Hermocrătes,          Έρμοκράτης, сын Гермона, патриотический и воинственный сикарузанец (Thuc. 6, 72), отстоял первую попытку к нападению со стороны афинян, призванных леонтицами, тем, что в городе Геле устроил общий мир между сицилийскими… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Sicilian Expedition — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Sicilian Expedition partof = the Peloponnesian War caption = date = 415 413 BC place = Sicily territory = result = Athenian defeat, complete destruction of the Athenian expeditionary force status = combatant1 …   Wikipedia

  • Timeo (diálogo) — Para otros usos de este término, véase Timeo (desambiguación). Platón y Aristóteles en La escuela de Atenas, pintura de Rafael. Platón está sosteniendo el Timeo. Aristóteles sostiene una copia de su Ética a Nicómaco. El Timeo es un diálog …   Wikipedia Español

  • Critias (dialogue) — Part of the series on: The Dialogues of Plato Early dialogues: Apology – Charmides – Crito Euthyphro – …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”