Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria

      autocephalous, or ecclesiastically independent, Eastern Orthodox patriarchate, second in honorific rank after the Church of Constantinople; its patriarch is considered the successor of St. Mark the Evangelist and heads the Orthodox Church in Africa. The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, as it is also known, is the continuation of the Melchite, or imperial, church of Egypt—mostly Greeks living in Egypt—that accepted the definition of the two natures of Christ proposed at the Council of Chalcedon (451 AD; see Melchite). The majority of Christian Egyptians rejected this definition and formed the Coptic Church (Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria), also headed by a “patriarch of Alexandria.” The small Greek minority that remained in communion with the other Orthodox Christians came under Muslim rule in the 7th century and became smaller still but continued to exist in Alexandria and in Cairo after the mass conversions to Islām.

      In the 19th century, Egyptian prosperity caused thousands of Greeks and Syrians to immigrate there, thus rapidly increasing the size of the Greek Orthodox Church in Egypt. Many Orthodox settlements were established in African countries outside Egypt in the 20th century, enabling the creation of Orthodox sees in Tripoli, Libya; Addis Ababa, Eth.; Tunis; Khartoum, Sudan; and Johannesburg. In Egypt itself the number of Orthodox faithful is steadily diminishing. The membership of the church is difficult to estimate, but by 1980 it was probably about 110,000.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria — Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and of All Africa Seal Founder The Apostle and Evangelist Mark Independence Apostolic Era …   Wikipedia

  • Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem —       autocephalous, or ecclesiastically independent, Eastern Orthodox patriarchate, fourth in honorific seniority after the churches of Constantinople, Alexandria, and Antioch. Since the beginning of Muslim rule in the 7th century, it has been… …   Universalium

  • Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East — ▪ Eastern Orthodoxy also called  Orthodox Church Of Antioch,         autocephalous (ecclesiastically independent) Eastern Orthodox patriarchate, third in honorific rank after the churches of Constantinople and Alexandria; it is the largest Arab… …   Universalium

  • List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria — The Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria has the title Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa. The following list contains all the incumbents of the Eastern Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria. ee also*List of Patriarchs of… …   Wikipedia

  • Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem — Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem Coat of arms Founder The Apostles Independence Apostolic Era …   Wikipedia

  • Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch — Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East Coat of arms Founder Apostle Peter Independence …   Wikipedia

  • Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem — This article is about the Patriarch of Jerusalem in the Orthodox tradition. For other uses, see Patriarch of Jerusalem (disambiguation). Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem Coat of arms Founder The …   Wikipedia

  • Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria — Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and of All Africa Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ̀ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ Coptic Orthod …   Wikipedia

  • Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria — also called  Coptic Orthodox Church        Oriental Orthodox church and principal Christian (Christianity) church in predominantly Muslim Egypt. The people of Egypt before the Arab conquest in the 7th century identified themselves and their… …   Universalium

  • Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria — Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of all Africa redirects here. For Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa, see Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa. Bishop of Alexandria Bishopric …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”