Eichelberger, Robert L

▪ United States general

born March 9, 1886, Urbana, Ohio, U.S.
died Sept. 26, 1961, Asheville, N.C.
 U.S. Army general who during World War II retrieved strategic Japanese-held islands in the Pacific, thus helping end the war in the Far East.

      A 1909 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., Eichelberger served with the American Expeditionary Force in Siberia (1918–20) and later was superintendent of West Point (1940–42).

      Eichelberger first saw action in World War II when he was summoned (December 1942) to revitalize the U.S. front in Buna, on the island of New Guinea. The following month he directed a successful attack on this strongly fortified enemy position—one of the first ground victories against the Japanese in the war. In September 1944 he took command of the newly activated U.S. 8th Army in Netherlands New Guinea. The following months saw him effectively employing amphibious tactics to lead his forces through many severe island engagements, particularly New Guinea and New Britain. In 1945 he launched the Philippines reoccupation campaign, cleaning up Japanese resistance on such strongholds as Mindanao by August. With the total Japanese surrender that month, Eichelberger shortly landed a small detachment at Atsugi Air Field to begin the Allied occupation of Japan. For the next three years he directed all 8th Army military government units throughout that country.

      Eichelberger retired in 1948 and published his memoirs, Our Jungle Road to Tokyo, in 1950.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert L. Eichelberger — Infobox Military Person name= Robert Lawrence Eichelberger lived= birth date|1886|3|9 ndash; death date and age|1961|9|26|1886|3|9 placeofbirth= Urbana, Ohio placeofdeath= Asheville, North Carolina caption= Robert L. Eichelberger as a Lieutenant… …   Wikipedia

  • Eichelberger — ( de. from the acorn mountain) is the surname of: * Charles B. Eichelberger, US Army general * Dave Eichelberger, American golfer * Ethyl Eichelberger, American actor * Jodi Eichelberger, puppeteer * John Eichelberger, Pennsylvania State Senator… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert E. Lee — This article is about the Confederate general. For other uses, see Robert E. Lee (disambiguation). Robert Edward Lee …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob L. Devers — Jacob Loucks Devers General Jacob Jake Loucks Devers Nickname Jake …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob L. Devers — Jacob (Loucks) Devers Jacob Loucks Devers General del U.S. Army, Jacob Jake L. Devers …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clovis E. Byers — Lieutenant General Clovis E. Byers Born November 5, 1899(1899 11 05) Columbus, Ohio …   Wikipedia

  • Douglas MacArthur — General MacArthur redirects here. For other uses, see General MacArthur (disambiguation). For the diplomat, see Douglas MacArthur II. Douglas MacArthur …   Wikipedia

  • Douglas MacArthur in World War II — Main article: Douglas MacArthur General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army. He was a Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and… …   Wikipedia

  • Distinguished Service Cross (United States) — Distinguished Service Cross Current Distinguished Service Cross Awarded by United States Army Type Medal Eligibility …   Wikipedia

  • Distinguished Service Cross (United States Army) — Infobox Military Award name=Distinguished Service Cross caption=Current Distinguished Service Cross Medal and Ribbon Set awarded by=United States Army type=Medal eligibility=The Distinguished Service Cross is awarded to a person who, while… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”