Dewey, Thomas E.

▪ governor of New York
in full  Thomas Edmund Dewey  
born March 24, 1902, Owosso, Mich., U.S.
died March 16, 1971, Bal Harbour, Fla.
 vigorous U.S. prosecuting attorney whose successful racket-busting career won him three terms as governor of New York (1943–55). A long-time Republican leader, he was his party's presidential nominee in 1944 and 1948 but lost in both elections.

      Dewey graduated from the University of Michigan in 1923 and received his law degree from Columbia University in 1925. Admitted to the New York bar in 1926, Dewey launched his government career five years later as chief assistant to the U.S. attorney for the southern district of the state. Between 1935 and 1937 he garnered national attention as special prosecutor in an investigation of organized crime in New York; he obtained 72 convictions out of 73 prosecutions of long-established racketeers. Elected district attorney in 1937, Dewey continued to impress the electorate with his legal acumen and with his personal drive and integrity.

      Although unsuccessful in his first bid for governor (1938), Dewey was elected for three successive terms beginning in 1942. In office he earned a reputation for political moderation and administrative efficiency, putting the state on a pay-as-you-go basis for capital building, reorganizing departments, and establishing the first state agency to eliminate discrimination in employment.

 As Republican nominee for president in 1944, Dewey was neither expected nor able to overcome the enormous wartime prestige of the incumbent, President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The pollsters flatly predicted victory for his candidacy in 1948, however, though the political picture was confused by the entrance of two minority extremist factions—the Progressives and the States' Rights (Dixiecrat) Party. Waging a noncommittal campaign purposely designed to avoid offending any segment of the electorate, Dewey was unexpectedly defeated by President Harry S. Truman, who surprisingly retained the loyalty of both farm and labour circles.

      As a leader of the eastern Republicans at the 1952 national convention, he played a key role in the nominations of General Dwight D. Eisenhower for president and Senator Richard M. Nixon for vice president. At the end of his third term as governor (1955), Dewey returned to a lucrative private law practice. He remained a close adviser to Republican administrations but thought his age precluded acceptance of an offer by President Nixon in 1968 to serve as chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dewey, Thomas E(dmund) — born March 24, 1902, Owosso, Mich., U.S. died March 16, 1971, Bal Harbour, Fla. U.S. attorney and politician. He became an assistant U.S. attorney in New York in 1931 and was elected district attorney in 1937. His successful prosecution of… …   Universalium

  • Dewey, Thomas E(dmund) — (24 mar. 1902, Owosso, Mich., EE.UU.–16 mar. 1971, Bal Harbour, Fla.). Abogado y político estadounidense. Ejerció como asistente del fiscal del gobierno en Nueva York en 1931 y en 1937 fue elegido fiscal de distrito. Por el éxito de sus campañas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas E. Dewey — Thomas Edmund Dewey (Owosso, Michigan, 24 de marzo de 1902 Bal Harbour, Florida 16 de marzo de 1971) fue un político estadounidense, 47º gobernador del Estado de Nueva York y candidato republicano a la presidencia en las el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas E. Dewey — Thomas Edmund Dewey Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dewey. Thomas Edmund Dewey Thomas Edmund Dewey (24 mars 1902 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas E Dewey — Thomas Edmund Dewey Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dewey. Thomas Edmund Dewey Thomas Edmund Dewey (24 mars 1902 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas E. Dewey — Thomas Deweys Unterschrift …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas E. Dewey, Jr. — Thomas E. Dewey, Jr. is the eldest son of the former governor of New York and two time Republican presidential candidate, Thomas E. Dewey, Sr.Dewey earned a BA from Princeton University and an MBA from the Harvard Business School. He has been a… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas E. Dewey — Infobox Governor name=Thomas Edmund Dewey imagesize=155 order= 47th office=Governor of New York term start=January 1 1943 term end=December 31 1954 lieutenant=Thomas W. Wallace (January July 1943) Joe R. Hanley (1943 1950) Frank C. Moore (1950… …   Wikipedia

  • Dewey, Thomas Edmund — (1902 1971)    Born in Owosso, Michigan, Thomas E. Dewey studied music and law at the University of Michigan and graduated in 1923. He graduated from Columbia Law School in 1925 and began working on Wall Street. He also became active in the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Thomas E. Dewey Thruway — автострада Томаса Дьюи. Проходит по территории штата Нью Йорк с востока на запад вдоль старого Мохокского пути. Названа именем бывшего губернатора штата Нью Йорк (с 1942) и кандидата в президенты от республиканской партии на выборах 1944 и 1948… …   Словарь топонимов США

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”