Christadelphian

▪ Protestant religious group
Greek“Brother of Christ”

      member of a Christian group founded about 1848 by John Thomas, who, after studying medicine in London, emigrated to Brooklyn, New York. He at first joined the followers of Thomas and Alexander Campbell, founders of the Disciples of Christ (Christians), but eventually he began preaching independently, largely applying Hebrew prophecy and the book of Revelation to current and future events. Both in the United States and in Great Britain he gathered a number of adherents. The name Christadelphian was adopted during the American Civil War (1861–65), when the followers of Thomas organized formally to justify their objection to military service.

      The local organization, called an ecclesia, is the principal unit of government in the group; there is no general overall organization, and no distinction is made between clergy and laity. Ruling or serving brethren are elected and minister without compensation. Generally, an ecclesia does not have a building but meets in a rented hall or private home. Annual fraternal gatherings are held for fellowship and Bible study.

      The Bible is the only authoritative rule of faith, and membership in the group requires a profession of faith and baptism by immersion. Orthodox views of the Trinity are rejected, and the theology is strongly millennialist.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christadelphian — Gemeindehaus der Christadelphians in Esslingen am Neckar Die Christadelphian Gemeinden sind eine Gemeinschaft von Christen, die in ihrem Glauben nur vom Wort Gottes laut der Bibel ausgehen. Die Bezeichnung „Christadelphian“, wie sich die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christadelphian — 1. noun A member of a particular nontrinitarian Christian denomination founded in the mid 19th century. 2. adjective Pertaining to the Christadelphians …   Wiktionary

  • Christadelphian — n. member of a Christian sect founded around 1848 by John Thomas in the United States that claim to return to the beliefs and practices of the earliest disciples and anticipating a second coming of Christ …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Christadelphian — [ˌkrɪstə dɛlfɪən] noun a member of a Christian sect claiming to return to the beliefs and practices of the earliest disciples and expecting a second coming of Christ. adjective relating to the Christadelphians. Origin from late Gk Khristadelphos… …   English new terms dictionary

  • christadelphian — chris·ta·del·phi·an …   English syllables

  • Christadelphian — /krɪstəˈdɛlfiən/ (say kristuh delfeeuhn) noun 1. a member of a small religious body, founded in the US in c. 1845, believing in selective immortality. –adjective 2. belonging or relating to this body. {Christ + Greek adelphos brother} …   Australian English dictionary

  • christadelphian — n. & adj. n. a member of a Christian sect rejecting the doctrine of the Trinity and expecting a second coming of Christ on earth. adj. of or adhering to this sect and its beliefs. Etymology: CHRIST + Gk adelphos brother …   Useful english dictionary

  • Christadelphian Sunday School Union — Christadelphians Main article Literature Bible Companion | Elpis Israel | Christendom Astray …   Wikipedia

  • Christadelphian Isolation League — Christadelphians Main article Literature Bible Companion | Elpis Israel | Christendom Astray …   Wikipedia

  • The Christadelphian — is a Bible magazine published monthly by the Christadelphians. It states that it is A magazine dedicated wholly to the hope of Israel and, according to the magazine website, it reflects the teachings, beliefs and activities of the… …   Wikipedia

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