angular harp

 musical instrument in which the neck forms a clear angle with the resonator, or belly; it is one of the principal varieties of the harp. The earliest-known depictions of angular harps are from Mesopotamia about 2000 BC. In Egypt, especially, and in Mesopotamia, this harp was played vertically, held with the neck at the lower end, and plucked with the fingers of both hands (see photograph—>). In Mesopotamia it was sometimes also placed horizontally across the player's lap, strings toward him, the strings swept with a plectrum as the left hand damped unnecessary strings.

      The pre-Islāmic Persian reliefs at Ṭāq-e Bostān (c. AD 600) contain both the latest-known depiction of a horizontal angular harp and the earliest representation of the medieval angular harp of Persia (chang) and Arabic-speaking countries (junk). Placed with the neck near the floor and played by a kneeling musician, the medieval angular harp survived until the 16th century in Egypt, the 17th century in Turkey, and the 19th century in Persia.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • harp — harplike, adj. /hahrp/, n. 1. a musical instrument consisting of a triangular frame formed by a soundbox, a pillar, and a curved neck, and having strings stretched between the soundbox and the neck that are plucked with the fingers. 2. anything… …   Universalium

  • stringed instrument — a musical instrument having strings as the medium of sound production, played with the fingers or with a plectrum or a bow: The guitar, the harp, and the violin are stringed instruments. * * * Any musical instrument that produces sound by the… …   Universalium

  • South Asian arts — Literary, performing, and visual arts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Myths of the popular gods, Vishnu and Shiva, in the Puranas (ancient tales) and the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics, supply material for representational and… …   Universalium

  • arts, East Asian — Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature.       Some studies of East Asia… …   Universalium

  • Missouri Harmony — The Missouri Harmony, first published in 1820, was the most popular of all frontier shape note tune books during its reign. The 185 songs compiled in the collection were favorites used in Protestant churches and singing schools, and many were… …   Wikipedia

  • Musical instrument — A musical instrument is a device created or adapted for the purpose of making musical sounds. In principle, any object that produces sound can serve as a musical instrument it is through purpose that the object becomes a musical instrument. The… …   Wikipedia

  • painting, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of Western painting from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the present.       Painting, the execution of forms and shapes on a surface by means of pigment (but see also drawing for discussion of depictions in …   Universalium

  • X-ray crystallography — can locate every atom in a zeolite, an aluminosilicate with many important applications, such as water purification. X ray crystallography is a method of determining the arrangement of atoms within a crystal, in which a beam of X rays strikes a… …   Wikipedia

  • arctic — arctically, adv. /ahrk tik/ or, esp. for 7, /ahr tik/, adj. 1. (often cap.) of, pertaining to, or located at or near the North Pole: the arctic region. 2. coming from the North Pole or the arctic region: an arctic wind. 3. characteristic of the… …   Universalium

  • Spacecraft propulsion — A remote camera captures a close up view of a Space Shuttle Main Engine during a test firing at the John C. Stennis Space Center in Hancock County, Mississippi Spacecraft propulsion is any method used to accelerate spacecraft and artificial… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”