Kobayashi, Masaki
▪ 1997

      Japanese film director (b. Feb. 14, 1916, Otaru, Hokkaido, Japan—d. Oct. 4, 1996, Tokyo, Japan), created exquisitely stylized motion pictures known for their harsh critiques of Japanese society and portrayals of dissident individuals. Though he was opposed to Japan's involvement in World War II, Kobayashi was drafted into the military in 1942 and spent the last year of the war as a prisoner on Okinawa. Released in 1946, he returned to Tokyo and served as an apprentice director with the Shochiku Motion Picture Co. He made his directorial debut in 1952 with Musuko no seishun (1952; My Son's Youth), followed by Kabe atsuki heya (1953; The Thick-Walled Room) and Anata kaimasu (1956; I'll Buy You). Kobayashi's epic trilogy, Ningen no joken (1959-61; The Human Condition), was the best example of his cinema of social concern and a powerful indictment of the brutality inherent in a militaristic society. The trilogy established Kobayashi's reputation as a major director. He attracted wider admiration with Seppuku (1962; Harakiri), which attacked the moral code of the samurai, and Kaidan (1964; Kwaidan), a quartet of fantastic ghost stories; each movie won the Special Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival. Later films include Kaseki (1974; Fossil), Tokyo saiban (1983; The Tokyo Trials), and Shokutaku no nai ie (1985; The Empty Table).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • KOBAYASHI MASAKI — 1916 1996 En France, le nom du réalisateur japonais Kobayashi Masaki est essentiellement lié à deux films, qui connurent à leur sortie un certain succès et qui sont devenus des classiques: Harakiri (1963) et Kwaidan (1964), tous deux présents au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kobayashi Masaki — ▪ Japanese director born Feb. 4, 1916, Otaru, Hokkaido, Japan died Oct. 4, 1996, Tokyo       Japanese motion picture director whose 9 1/2 hour trilogy, Ningen no joken (The Human Condition: No Greater Love, 1959; Road to Eternity, 1959; A Soldier …   Universalium

  • Kobayashi, Masaki — ► (n. 1916) Director cinematográfico japonés. Combina el realismo más descarnado con cierto aire poético. Obras: La condición humana (1959 61), Harakiri (1963) y Río negro (1957), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kobayashi — Kobayashi, Masaki …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Masaki Kobayashi — Born February 14, 1916(1916 02 14) Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japan Died October 4, 1996(1996 10 04) (aged 80) Tokyo, Japan Occupation Fi …   Wikipedia

  • Masaki Kobayashi — (jap. 正樹 小林, Kobayashi Masaki; * 14. Februar 1916 in Otaru, Hokkaidō; † 4. Oktober 1996 in Tokio) war ein japanischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Kobayashi galt als einer der besten und präzisesten Regisseure Japans, bekannt wurde er durch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Masaki Kobayashi — Nacimiento 14 de febrero de 1916 Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japón Fallecimiento 4 de octubre de 1996 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Masaki Kobayashi — Données clés Naissance 14 février 1916 Otaru, Hokkaidō,  Japon Nationalité Japonaise Décès 4 octobre 19 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Masaki — may refer to: Masaki, Ehime in Japan Masaki, Tanzania Masaki, common male Japanese given name Masaki Aiba(相葉雅紀),actor and musician Masaki Aizawa(相沢正輝),seiyu Masaki Etō(江藤正樹),wrestler, Olympic silver medalis Masaki Fukai(深井正樹),football pla …   Wikipedia

  • Kobayashi — (小林 small forest ) is the 9th most common Japanese surname.People* Aimi Kobayashi (pianist) * Chizu Kobayashi (go player) * Daniel Kobayashi (baseball writer) * Forrest Kobayashi (swim coach) * Hideaki Kobayashi (video game music composer) *… …   Wikipedia

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