Galland, Adolf Joseph Ferdinand
▪ 1997

      German aviator (b. March 19, 1912, Westerholt, Ger.—d. Feb. 9, 1996, Oberwinter, Ger.), was one of the country's most famous World War II fighter pilots, shooting down more than 100 Allied planes. Nonetheless, as a result of his arrangements for procuring a replacement artificial leg for a captured Royal Air Force flyer, he gained the respect of his British enemies. Galland became a glider pilot when he was in his teens and began working for the civilian airliner Lufthansa in 1932. When the Luftwaffe was formed—secretly, because the Treaty of Versailles, signed at the end of World War I, did not allow Germany to have a military air force—Galland transferred to it. He flew several missions with the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War (1937-38) and, after providing ground support during the invasion of Poland (1939) that began World War II, returned to air combat. His first kills came in May 1940 over Belgium, and in July he entered the Battle of Britain as commander of a fighter squadron. In November 1941 Galland became inspector of fighters, and the next year he was promoted to major general, becoming at age 30 the youngest general in the German armed forces. Because he was critical of many of the tactics devised by Nazi leaders, Galland gradually lost favour despite his able leadership, and in January 1945 he was relieved of his command and returned to active duty. He formed a jet-fighter unit and in May was shot down and captured. Following his release (1947) from a prisoner-of-war camp, he served for six years in Argentina as a technical adviser to the air force and then returned (1955) to West Germany, where he worked as an aviation consultant.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Galland, Adolf (Joseph Ferdinand) — born March 19, 1912, Westerholt, near Recklinghausen, Ger. died Feb. 9, 1996, Oberwinter German fighter ace. A skillful glider pilot by age 20, he flew hundreds of missions in the Spanish Civil War. In World War II he led a fighter squadron in… …   Universalium

  • Galland, Adolf (Joseph Ferdinand) — (19 mar. 1912, Westerholt, cerca de Recklinghausen, Alemania–9 feb. 1996, Oberwinter). As de la fuerza aérea alemana. Experto piloto de planeador a la edad de 20 años, voló en cientos de misiones durante la guerra civil española. En la segunda… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Galland, Adolf — ▪ German officer in full  Adolf Joseph Ferdinand Galland   born March 19, 1912, Westerholt, near Recklinghausen, Ger. died Feb. 9, 1996, Oberwinter       German fighter ace and officer who commanded the fighter forces of the Luftwaffe (German air …   Universalium

  • Ferdinand — /ferr dn and /, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning bold and peace. * * * I born April 19, 1793, Vienna, Austria died June 29, 1875, Prague, Bohemia Emperor of Austria (1835–48). He was the eldest son of Emperor Francis II, who… …   Universalium

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Ferdinand — (as used in expressions) (Ferdinand) Lew(is) Alcindor Aron, Raymond (Claude Ferdinand) Charles Ferdinand de Bourbon Berthoud, Ferdinand Beust, Friedrich Ferdinand, conde von Céline, Louis Ferdinand Louis Ferdinand Destouches Cohn, Ferdinand… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolf — /ad olf, ay dolf/; Ger. /ah dawlf/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning noble and wolf. Also, Adolph, Adolphe, Adolphus /euh dol feuhs/. * * * (as used in expressions) Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Eichmann Karl Adolf… …   Universalium

  • Adolf — (as used in expressions) Baeyer, (Johann Friedrich Wilhelm) Adolf von Eichmann, (Karl) Adolf Galland, Adolf (Joseph Ferdinand) Oscar Gustaf Adolf Hitler, Adolf Krebs, Sir Hans Adolf Loos, Adolf Meyer, Adolf Nordenskiöld, (Nils) Adolf Erik,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolf Galland — Generalleutnant Años de …   Wikipedia Español

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