- Sheraton, Thomas
died Oct. 22, 1806, LondonBritish cabinetmaker.A leading exponent of Neoclassicism, he gave his name to a style of furniture characterized by a firm, feminine refinement of late Georgian and became probably the most powerful source of inspiration behind the furniture of the late 18th century. His four-part Cabinet-Maker and Upholsterers' Drawing Book (1791) greatly influenced British and U.S. design. At his best, Sheraton had a natural approach to contemporary design: he used wood for its own sake, rather than covering it with such disguises as gilt or modulating it excessively with ormolu mounts.
* * *▪ English furniture designerborn 1751, Stockton-on-Tees, Durham, Eng.died Oct. 22, 1806, Soho, LondonEnglish cabinetmaker and one of the leading exponents of Neoclassicism. Sheraton gave his name to a style of furniture characterized by a feminine refinement of late Georgian styles and became the most powerful source of inspiration behind the furniture of the late 18th century. His four-part Cabinet-Maker and Upholsterers' Drawing Book greatly influenced English and American design.Sheraton was apprenticed to a cabinetmaker, but he became better known as an inventor, artist, mystic, and religious controversialist. Initially he wrote on theological subjects, describing himself as a “mechanic, one who never had the advantage of collegiate or academical education.” He settled in London c. 1790, and his trade card gave his address as Wardour Street, Soho, where he “teaches perspective, architecture and ornaments, makes designs for cabinet-makers, sells all kinds of drawing-books.”Supporting himself mainly as an author, Sheraton wrote Drawing Book (1791), the first part of which is devoted to somewhat naive, verbose dissertations on perspective, architecture, and geometry; the notes on the plates, however, are much more detailed than in any other comparable publication and reveal sound technical knowledge. The second part, on which his reputation is certainly based, is filled with plates that are admirable in draftsmanship, form, and proportion.In 1803 Sheraton, who had been ordained a Baptist minister in 1800, published his Cabinet Dictionary (with plates), containing An Explanation of All Terms Used in the Cabinet, Chair and Upholstery Branches with Dictionary for Varnishing, Polishing and Gilding. Unfortunately, the selection of terms is arbitrary and eclectic, suggesting that he was increasingly more interested in the eccentric. Of his final project, the Cabinet-Maker, Upholsterer and General Artist's Encyclopaedia, only one volume, covering A to C, appeared in 1805. Some of the designs in this work, venturing well into the Regency style, are markedly unconventional. That he was a fashionable cabinetmaker is remarkable, for he was poor, his home of necessity half shop. It cannot be presumed that he was the maker of those examples even closely resembling his plates. The Drawing Book was a trade catalog, the plates of which were reproduced throughout Britain with varying degrees of accuracy. Of his own manufacture, only one piece is known with certainty—a glass-front bookcase, stamped “T.S.” inside one drawer.Although Sheraton undoubtedly borrowed from other cabinetmakers, most of the plates in his early publications are supposedly his own designs. The term Sheraton has been recklessly bestowed upon vast quantities of late 18th-century painted and inlaid satinwood furniture, but, properly understood and used in a generic sense, Sheraton is an appropriate label recognizing a mastermind behind the period. The opinion that his lack of success was caused by his assertive character is hypothetical.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Sheraton,Thomas — Sheraton, Thomas. 1751 1806. British furniture designer known for his graceful neoclassical designs and his published manuals, including The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer s Drawing Book (1791 1794). * * * … Universalium
Sheraton, Thomas — (1751, Stockton on Tees, Durham, Inglaterra–22 oct. 1806, Londres). Ebanista británico. Uno de los principales exponentes del neoclasicismo, dio su nombre a un estilo de mobiliario caracterizado por el refinamiento sólido y femenino del georgiano … Enciclopedia Universal
Thomas Sheraton — [Thomas Sheraton] (1751–1806) an English furniture ↑designer. His book The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer’s Drawing Book (1791–4) was an important influence on the development of ↑neoclassical furniture, and his designs are typically delicate and… … Useful english dictionary
Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas … Enciclopedia Universal
Thomas — /tom euhs/ for 1, 2, 4 14; /taw mah / for 3, n. 1. an apostle who demanded proof of Christ s Resurrection. John 20:24 29. 2. Augustus, 1857 1934, U.S. playwright, journalist, and actor. 3. (Charles Louis) Ambroise /shannrddl lwee ahonn brddwannz… … Universalium
Thomas Sheraton — (* 1751 in Stockton on Tees, England; † 22. Oktober 1806) war Möbeldesigner und zusammen mit Thomas Chippendale und George Hepplewhite einer der drei großen englischen Möbelhersteller („The Big Three“) des 18. Jahrhunderts. Leben Sheraton ging… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Sheraton — (1751 October 22 1806) was a furniture designer, one of the big three English furniture makers of the 18th century, along with Thomas Chippendale and George Hepplewhite. Sheraton was born in Stockton on Tees, England. He was apprenticed to a… … Wikipedia
Sheraton — may refer to:*Sheraton Hotels and Resorts, a hotel chain *Sheraton, County Durham, a village in County Durham, in England *Sheraton Centre, a mall complex located in the parish of Christ Church, Barbados. *Sheraton Style, an 18th century… … Wikipedia
Sheraton style — Sheraton is a late 18th century neoclassical English furniture style, in vogue ca 1785 1800, that was coined by 19th century collectors and dealers to credit furniture designer Thomas Sheraton, born in Stockton on Tees, England in 1751 and whose… … Wikipedia
Sheraton — [ ʃerətn], Thomas, englischer Kunstschreiner und Möbelzeichner, * Stockton on Tees 1751, ✝ London 22. 10. 1806; veröffentlichte 1791 94 das zweibändige Vorlagenwerk »The cabinet maker and upholsterer s drawing book« für Innendekorationen und… … Universal-Lexikon