Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl
orig. Karl Schmidt

born Dec. 1, 1884, Rottluff, Ger.
died Aug. 9, 1976, West Berlin, W.Ger.

German painter and printmaker.

As an architecture student in Dresden, he helped form Die Brücke in 1905. He soon realized the expressive potential of flat, patterned design; his mature style, seen in Self-Portrait with Monocle (1910), is characterized by boldly dissonant colours and jagged forms. After 1911, when he moved to Berlin, his paintings and woodcuts showed an interest in Cubism and African sculpture. Though his works had become more conventional by the 1930s, the Nazis officially declared them "degenerate." After World War II he taught art and resumed painting, but his work never regained its former power.

Self-Portrait with Monocle, oil on canvas by Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, ...

Courtesy of the Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin

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▪ German artist
original name  Karl Schmidt 
born December 1, 1884, Rottluff, near Chemnitz, Germany
died August 9, 1976, West Berlin [now Berlin]
 German painter and printmaker who was noted for his Expressionist (Expressionism) landscapes and nudes.

      In 1905 Schmidt-Rottluff began to study architecture in Dresden, Germany, where he and his friend Erich Heckel (Heckel, Erich) met Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig) and Fritz Bleyl, two other architecture students who shared their passion for painting. Together they formed the organization of Expressionist artists known as Die Brücke (Brücke, Die) (“The Bridge”), united by the goal of creating a modern, intensely emotional style.

      The artists of Die Brücke typically preferred to portray scenes of urban life, but Schmidt-Rottluff is particularly known for his rural landscapes. He initially painted in an Impressionist (Impressionism) style, but his painting Windy Day (1907) shows the artist's transition to his mature style, which is characterized by flat areas of boldly dissonant colours. A representative example of this mature work is Self-Portrait with Monocle (1910). Like the other Brücke artists, Schmidt-Rottluff had also begun to explore the expressive potential of the woodcut medium. In 1911 Schmidt-Rottluff, with his fellow Die Brücke members, moved to Berlin, where he painted works with more angular, geometric forms and distorted space, revealing his new interest in Cubism and African sculpture.

      After World War I Schmidt-Rottluff became increasingly interested in religious themes, as seen in the woodcut Head of Christ (1918), which is one of a series of prints about the life of Christ. During the 1920s Schmidt-Rottluff's work became more subdued and harmonious, losing much of its former vigour and integrity. When the Nazis gained power in Germany, he was forbidden to paint. After World War II he taught art and resumed painting, although he never regained the power of his early works.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl — born Karl Schmidt (1884 1976)    artist; a leader in the Expressionist* movement whose sharply angular style is best rep resented by his woodcuts. Born in the town of Rottluff bei Chemnitz, he adopted the name of his birthplace while attending… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl — ► (1884 1976) Pintor expresionista alemán. Fue uno de los fundadores del movimiento Die Brücke. Autor de Barca de vela con hombres. * * * orig. Karl Schmidt (1 dic. 1884, Rottluff, Alemania–9 ago. 1976, Berlín Occidental, Alemania Occidental).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl —    см. Шмидт Ротлуф, Карл …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Schmidt-Rottluff — Schmidt Rottluff, Karl …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karl schmidt-rottluff — (1er décembre 1884 à Rottluff –10 août 1976 à Berlin) était un peintre allemand de l expressionnisme. Karl Schmidt est né à Rottluff près de Chemnitz (Saxe) et s est appelé Schmidt Rottluff depuis 1905. Le 7 juin 1905, le groupe d artistes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SCHMIDT-ROTTLUFF (K.) — SCHMIDT ROTTLUFF KARL (1884 1976) Le peintre allemand Schmidt Rottluff est l’un des représentants de l’expressionnisme allemand au début du siècle. Karl Schmidt (qui adjoignit plus tard à son nom celui de Rottluff, faubourg de Chemnitz où il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Karl Schmidt-Rottluff — Gedenktafel am Haus Schützallee 136 in Berlin Zehlendorf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schmidt-Rottluff — Gedenktafel am Haus Schützallee 136 in Berlin Zehlendorf Karl Schmidt Rottluff (* 1. Dezember 1884 in Rottluff (heute Stadtteil von Chemnitz); † 10. August 1976 in Berlin; eigentlich Karl Schmidt) war ein deutscher Maler und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Schmidt-Rottluff Stiftung — Das Karl Schmidt Rottluff Stipendium ist ein Spitzenstipendium für hervorragende künstlerische Leistungen. Es ist mit 37.000 Euro dotiert und wird alle zwei Jahre an je vier bildende Künstler (Maler, Bildhauer, Grafiker) nach dem Studium vergeben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schmidt-Rottluff-Stipendium — Das Karl Schmidt Rottluff Stipendium ist ein Spitzenstipendium für hervorragende künstlerische Leistungen. Es ist mit 37.000 Euro dotiert und wird alle zwei Jahre an je vier bildende Künstler (Maler, Bildhauer, Grafiker) nach dem Studium vergeben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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