Schmalkaldic League
Defensive alliance by Protestant states of the Holy Roman Empire.

It was established in 1531 at Schmalkalden, Germany, to defend the newly formed Lutheran churches from attack by the Catholic emperor Charles V. Fearing that the league would ally itself with his enemy, Francis I of France, Charles gave it de facto recognition until 1544, when he made peace with Francis. Charles then moved against the league militarily and by 1547 had effectively destroyed it. See also Schmalkaldic Articles.

* * *

▪ religious and political alliance
German  Schmalkaldischer Bund 

      during the Reformation, a defensive alliance formed by Protestant (Protestantism) territories of the Holy Roman Empire to defend themselves collectively against any attempt to enforce the recess of the Diet of Augsburg in 1530, which gave the Protestant territories a deadline by which to return to Catholic practices. Established in February 1531 at Schmalkalden, Germany, the league was led by Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous (Philip) of Hesse and John Frederick I of Saxony. Among its other original members were Brunswick, Anhalt, and the cities of Mansfeld, Magdeburg, Bremen, Strassburg, and Ulm. The league had a timeline of six years but was regularly extended.

      Fearing that the league would ally itself with his enemy, Francis I of France, the emperor Charles V was forced to grant it de facto recognition until 1544, when he made peace with Francis. He then began military operations against the league in 1546—the War of Schmalkald—and effectively defeated it in 1547.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schmalkaldic League — The Schmalkaldic League ( de. Schmalkaldischer Bund) was a defensive alliance of Lutheran princes within the Holy Roman Empire during the mid 16th century. Although originally started for religious motives soon after the start of the Protestant… …   Wikipedia

  • SCHMALKALDIC LEAGUE —    a league of the Protestant States of Germany concluded in 1531 at Schmalkalden, Prussia, in defence of their religious and civil liberties against the Emperor Charles V. and the Catholic States …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Schmalkaldic League —  Шмалькальдская Лига …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Schmalkaldic War — The Schmalkaldic War ( de. Schmalkaldischer Krieg) refers to the short period of violence from 1546 until 1547 between the forces of Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League within the domains of the Holy Roman Empire. The war began when Maurice,… …   Wikipedia

  • Schmalkaldic Articles — One of the confessions of faith of Lutheranism, written by Martin Luther in 1536 and considered by heads of state of the Schmalkaldic League in 1537. A response to a bull issued by Pope Paul III calling for a general council of the Roman Catholic …   Universalium

  • league — league1 /leeg/, n., v., leagued, leaguing. n. 1. a covenant or compact made between persons, parties, states, etc., for the promotion or maintenance of common interests or for mutual assistance or service. 2. the aggregation of persons, parties,… …   Universalium

  • League of Torgau — The League of Torgau ( de. Torgauer Bund) was an alliance of Protestant princes, including Philip of Hesse and John of Saxony, which was formed in 1526 by Lutheran princes within the Holy Roman Empire, to oppose the terms set forth in the Edict… …   Wikipedia

  • Lusatian League — The Lusatian League ( de. Oberlausitzer Sechsstädtebund; cs. Šestiměstí; pl. Związek Sześciu Miast) was a historical alliance of six towns in the Upper Lusatia region. The towns were Bautzen, Görlitz, Zittau, Kamenz, Löbau, and Lauban. The first… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Drakenburg — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Drakenburg partof=the Schmalkaldic War caption=1607 etching of the battle date=May 23, 1547 place=near Drakenburg casus= territory= result=Protestant victory combatant1=Protestant Schmalkaldic troops… …   Wikipedia

  • European wars of religion — The name Wars of Religion has been given to a series of European wars of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, following the onset of the Protestant Reformation. Although sometimes unconnected, all of these wars were strongly influenced by… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”