- Calvert, Leonard
born с 1606, Englanddied June 9, 1647, St. Mary's, Md.First governor of the Maryland colony.He was the younger brother of Cecil Calvert, the colony's proprietor. In 1633 he was sent from England to establish a settlement at St. Mary's. He gradually allowed limited legislative initiative in the colony's assembly. He lost a land conflict with William Claiborne and was forced to leave Maryland (1644–46); aided by colonists, including Margaret Brent, he returned to reinstate his proprietorial rule.
* * *▪ British colonial governorborn c. 1606, , Englanddied June 9, 1647, St. Mary's, Md. [U.S.]first governor of Maryland colony.Leonard Calvert was the younger brother of Cecilius Calvert and the son of George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore. Upon George Calvert's death in 1632, Cecilius inherited the family title and also became proprietor of the newly chartered Roman Catholic colony of Maryland. Leonard Calvert was thereupon deputized as governor of the colony, and in November 1633 he sailed from England in the ships Ark and Dove with 17 gentlemen and their wives and about 200 others. The emigrants landed in Maryland the following spring and established a settlement at St. Mary's on Chesapeake Bay. In accordance with his brother's instructions, Governor Calvert initially attempted to administer the new colony under feudalistic precepts with the assistance of only two commissioners. In February 1635, however, he summoned the first assembly to meet, and in the following years the proprietor in England, acting through Governor Calvert, and the colonial assembly struggled for the power to initiate legislation. Although the aristocratic governor initially tried to restrict the legislative powers of subsequent assemblies, he did submit in 1638 to the legislature's proposals that he govern according to the laws of England, and the right of initiative in legislation soon afterward passed to the assembly.In 1638 Governor Calvert seized the trading post on Kent Island that had been established and was still claimed by William Claiborne (Claiborne, William), a prominent Virginia trader. Claiborne, who had been hostile toward Maryland since its founding, later joined with Richard Ingle in 1644 to instigate a successful rebellion of Protestants in the colony that forced Governor Calvert to flee to Virginia. Two years later, however, Calvert returned from Virginia with an armed force and reinstated proprietorial rule in Maryland.
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Calvert, Leonard — • Governor of Maryland (1607 1647) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Calvert, Leonard — ( 1606, Inglaterra–9 jun. 1647, St. Mary s, Md., EE.UU.). Primer gobernador de la colonia de Maryland. Era el hermano menor de Cecil Calvert, propietario de la colonia. En 1633 fue enviado desde Inglaterra a establecer un asentamiento en St. Mary … Enciclopedia Universal
Leonard Calvert — (1606 1647) was the first Governor of the Province of Maryland.He was the second son of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, the first proprietor of the Province of Maryland, with his eldest brother, Cecil destined to inherit the colony and the… … Wikipedia
Leonard Calvert — Leonard Calvert † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Leonard Calvert Proprietary Governor of Maryland, 1634 1647, born in England, 1607; died in Maryland, 9 June, 1647. He was the second son of George Calvert, first Lord… … Catholic encyclopedia
Leonard Calvert — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Calvert. Leonard Calvert (1606 1647) est le second fils de George Calvert. Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Votre aide est la bienvenue ! Leonard Calvert alla en 163 … Wikipédia en Français
Leonard — /len euhrd/, n. 1. William Ellery (Channing) /el euh ree/, 1876 1944, U.S. poet, essayist, and teacher. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning lion and hardy. * * * (as used in expressions) Baskin Leonard Bernstein Leonard Bloomfield… … Universalium
Leonard — (as used in expressions) Baskin, Leonard Bernstein, Leonard Bloomfield, Leonard Leonard Alfred Schneider Callaghan (de Cardiff), (Leonard) James Callaghan, barón Calvert, Leonard Chess, Leonard Churchill, Sir Winston (Leonard Spencer) Colebrook,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Calvert County Public Schools — is a public school district serving all of Calvert County, Maryland. The district is governed by a six person Board of Education, five of which are elected by the public in non partisan elections, and a student elected by the Calvert Association… … Wikipedia
Calvert — ist der Name einer aus Yorkshire stammenden Familie, die ab 1625 die irische Baronie Baltimore innehatte. Zu ihren Angehörigen zählen George Calvert, 1. Baron Baltimore (1580–1632) Cæcilius Calvert, 2. Baron Baltimore (1605–1675) Leonard Calvert… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Calvert (name) — Calvert is a given name and a surname.People with the first name Calvert* Calvert DeForest (1921 2007), American actor and comedian * Calvert L. Willey (1920 1994), second Executive Vice President of the Institute of Food Technologists * Calvert… … Wikipedia