Avernus, Lake

Avernus, Lake
ancient Lacus Avernus.

Lake, southern Italy.

It lies west of Naples in the crater of an extinct volcano. Because of its sulfurous vapors, it was considered an entrance to the underworld by the ancient Romans, including Virgil. According to legend, the grove of Hecate and the grotto of the Cumaean Sibyl lay nearby. In the 1st century BC it was transformed into a naval base, Portus Iulius, by Agrippa and linked to the sea. Its impressive Roman ruins include baths, temples, and villas.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Avernus, Lake — or Italian Lago d Averno geographical name lake S Italy in crater of extinct volcano W of Naples …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • lake — lake1 /layk/, n. 1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil. 3. (go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.) [bef. 1000; ME lak(e) …   Universalium

  • Lake — /layk/, n. Simon, 1866 1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect. * * * I Relatively large body of slow moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin. Lakes are most abundant in high northern latitudes and in mountain regions, particularly …   Universalium

  • Avernus Colles — is a region of fractured terrain on Mars on the southeast margin of Elysium Planitia, [ [http://themis.asu.edu/zoom 20070718a Mars Odyssey Mission THEMIS: Feature ] ] at 1.6°S, 171°E. It is fairly large, being 244km (152mi) in diameter. It was… …   Wikipedia

  • Avernus — For the lake, see Lake Avernus. Ruined temple to Apollo, Avernus. Avernus was an ancient name for a crater near Cumae (Cuma), Italy, in the Region of Campania west of Naples. It is approximately 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) in circumference.… …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Avernus — Infobox lake lake name = Lake Avernus image lake = LaveAvernusCurran.jpg caption lake = image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = Campania coords = coord|40|50|18|N|14|04|30|E|region:IT type:waterbody source:frwiki|display=inline,title… …   Wikipedia

  • Avernus — Avernal, adj. /euh verr neuhs/, n. 1. a lake near Naples, Italy, looked upon in ancient times as an entrance to hell, from whose waters vile smelling vapors arose, supposedly killing birds flying over it. 2. hell. [ < L < Gk áornos birdless …   Useful english dictionary

  • Avernus — Avernal, adj. /euh verr neuhs/, n. 1. a lake near Naples, Italy, looked upon in ancient times as an entrance to hell, from whose waters vile smelling vapors arose, supposedly killing birds flying over it. 2. hell. [ < L < Gk áornos birdless,… …   Universalium

  • AVERNUS —    a deep lake in Italy, near Naples, 1½ m. in circumference, occupying the crater of an extinct volcano, at one time surrounded by a dark wood, and conceived, from its gloomy appearance, as well as from the mephitic vapours it exhaled, to be the …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Avernus — n. lake near Naples (Italy) …   English contemporary dictionary