Walther von der Vogelweide
/vahl"teuhr fawn deuhr foh"geuhl vuy'deuh/
c1170-c1230, German minnesinger and poet.

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born с 1170
died с 1230, Würzburg?

Greatest German lyric poet of the Middle Ages.

Of knightly birth, Walther was educated at a monastery school and served masters in several courts. His poetry goes far beyond the artificial conventions followed by other minnesingers by introducing an element of realism. He emphasizes the virtues of the balanced life, in both the social and the personal spheres. More than half of his approximately 200 extant poems are political, moral, or religious; the rest are love poems, among them the popular "Unter der Linden."

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▪ German lyric poet
born c. 1170
died c. 1230, , Würzburg? [Germany]

      greatest German lyric poet of the Middle Ages, whose poetry emphasizes the virtues of a balanced life, in the social as in the personal sphere, and reflects his disapproval of those individuals, actions, and beliefs that disturbed this harmony. He was no respecter of persons: whoever came between him and his ideals, even the pope himself, received the full force of his anger.

      The place of Walther's birth has never been satisfactorily identified, though the title hêr, which he is given by other poets, indicates that he was of knightly birth. It is clear from his poetry that he received a formal education at a monastery school. He learned the techniques of his art at the Viennese court of Leopold V, duke of Austria; but, when one of the latter's successors, Leopold VI, took up residence in Vienna, Walther failed to win his favour (for reasons perhaps connected with his rivalry with Reinmar von Hagenau, the most sophisticated of the earlier minnesingers, who was resident at the Viennese court). Instead, he gained the patronage of the Hohenstaufen Philip of Swabia, by writing in support of the Hohenstaufen cause against the Welf faction during their struggle for the kingship following the emperor Henry VI's death in 1197. Pope Innocent III came out on behalf of the Welfs, and from this time dates the antipapal feeling that runs through much of Walther's political poetry.

      Disappointed with Philip's treatment of him, however, Walther then served several masters until, in 1212, he once more entered the political arena—this time in support of the Welf emperor Otto IV against Innocent III. Again he was not treated with the generosity he expected, and, in the same year, when Frederick II reclaimed the throne for the house of Hohenstaufen, Walther turned to welcome the new ruler, who was crowned in 1215. From him he received a small fief, symbol of the security he had so long desired. Two 14th-century records suggest that it was in the see of Würzburg, and it is likely that he spent the rest of his life there.

      Rather more than half of the 200 or so of Walther's poems that are extant are political, moral, or religious; the rest are love poems. In his religious poems he preached the need for man actively to meet the claims of his Creator by, for instance, going on pilgrimage or on crusade; in his moral-didactic poems he praises such human virtues as faithfulness, sincerity, charity, and self-discipline—virtues that were not especially prominent in his own life. As a love poet he developed a fresh and original treatment of the situations of courtly love and, ultimately, in such poems as the popular “Unter der Linden,” achieved a free, uninhibited style in which the poses of court society gave way before the natural affections of village folk.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Walther Von Der Vogelweide — (Codex Manesse, um 1300) Ich saz ûf eime steine, dô dahte ich bein mit beine, dar ûf satzt ich mîn ellenbogen; ich hete in mîne hant gesmogen daz kinne und ein mîn wange. dô dâhte ich mir vil ange, wie man zer werlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walther von der Vogelweide — (* um 1170 (Geburtsort unbekannt); † um 1230, möglicherweise in Würzburg), gilt als der bedeutendste deutschsprachige Lyriker des Mittelalters. Von ihm sind 500 Strophen in über 110 Tönen bzw. – inhaltlich gruppiert – 90 Lieder (Minnelieder) und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walther von der Vogelweide — (Codex Manesse, c. 1300). Walther von der Vogelweide nació alrededor de 1170 posiblemente en la actual Baja Austria y murió, probablemente en Wurzburgo, alrededor de 1228. Fue uno de los Minnesänger más famosos. Se le considera el más importante …   Wikipedia Español

  • Walther von der Vogelweide — (c. 1170 c. 1230) is the most celebrated of the Middle High German lyric poets.Life historyFor all his fame, Walther s name is not found in contemporary records, with the exception of a solitary mention in the travelling accounts of Bishop… …   Wikipedia

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  • Walther von der Vogelweide — (* 1170, lieu de naissance inconnu[1] 1230) est le poète lyrique allemand le plus célèbre du Moyen Âge. Walther von der Vogelweide (Codex M …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Walther von der Vogelweide — Walther von der Vogelweide, der größte deutsche Lyriker des Mittelalters; seine datierbaren Gedichte reichen von 1198–1228. Über seine Heimat gehen die Meinungen stark auseinander; auch die Ansicht, nach der Walthers Geburtsstätte die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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