swear
swearer, n.swearingly, adv.
/swair/, v., swore or (Archaic) sware; sworn; swearing.
v.i.
1. to make a solemn declaration or affirmation by some sacred being or object, as a deity or the Bible.
2. to bind oneself by oath.
3. to give evidence or make a statement on oath.
4. to use profane oaths or language: Don't swear in front of the children.
v.t.
5. to declare, affirm, attest, etc., by swearing by a deity, some sacred object, etc.
6. to affirm, assert, or say with solemn earnestness.
7. to promise or undertake on oath or in a solemn manner; vow.
8. to testify or state on oath: He swore it on the witness stand.
9. to take (an oath), as in order to give solemnity or force to a declaration, promise, etc.
10. to bind by an oath: to swear someone to secrecy.
11. swear by,
a. to name (a sacred being or thing) as one's witness or guarantee in swearing.
b. Informal. to have great confidence in; rely on: He swears by his dentist.
c. to have certain knowledge of: I thought I saw him leaving, but I couldn't swear by it.
12. swear in, to admit to office or service by administering an oath: A new president will be sworn in today.
13. swear off, to promise or resolve to give up something, esp. intoxicating beverages.
14. swear out, to secure (a warrant for arrest) by making an accusation under oath.
[bef. 900; ME sweren, OE swerian; c. G schwören, ON sverja; akin to Goth swaran to swear; see ANSWER]
Syn. 1. declare, affirm, avow. 3. depose, testify. 4. imprecate. See curse.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • swear — S2 [sweə US swer] v past tense swore [swo: US swo:r] past participle sworn [swo:n US swo:rn] ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(offensive language)¦ 2¦(promise)¦ 3¦(state the truth)¦ 4 somebody could have sworn (that) ... 5¦(public promise)¦ 6 swear somebody to… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • swear — ► VERB (past swore; past part. sworn) 1) state or promise solemnly or on oath. 2) compel to observe a certain course of action: I am sworn to secrecy. 3) use offensive or obscene language, especially to express anger. ● swear blind Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

  • Swear — Swear, v. i. [imp. {Swore}, formerly {Sware}; p. p. {Sworn}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Swearing}.] [OE. swerien, AS. swerian; akin to D. zweren, OS. swerian, OHG. swerien, G. schw[ o]ren, Icel. sverja, Sw. sv[ a]rja, Dan. sv[ae]rge, Icel. & Sw. svara to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Swear — Swear, v. t. 1. To utter or affirm with a solemn appeal to God for the truth of the declaration; to make (a promise, threat, or resolve) under oath. [1913 Webster] Swear unto me here by God, that thou wilt not deal falsely with me. Gen. xxi. 23.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • swear — vb swore, sworn, swear·ing [Old English swerian] vt 1: to utter or take solemnly swear an oath 2 a: to assert as true or promise under oath a sworn affidavit …   Law dictionary

  • swear — [swer] vi. swore, sworn, swearing [ME swerien < OE swerian, akin to Ger schwören < IE base * swer , to speak > OSlav svariti, to revile] 1. to make a solemn declaration with an appeal to God or to something held sacred for confirmation… …   English World dictionary

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  • swear — O.E. swerian take an oath (class VI strong verb; past tense swor, pp. sworen), from P.Gmc. *swarjanan, from root *swar (Cf. O.S. swerian, O.N. sverja, Dan. sverge, O.Fris. swera, M.Du. swaren, O.H.G. swerien, Ger. schwören, Goth …   Etymology dictionary

  • swear */*/ — UK [sweə(r)] / US [swer] verb Word forms swear : present tense I/you/we/they swear he/she/it swears present participle swearing past tense swore UK [swɔː(r)] / US [swɔr] past participle sworn UK [swɔː(r)n] / US [swɔrn] 1) [intransitive] to use… …   English dictionary

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