quadrangle
quadrangled, adj.
/kwod"rang'geuhl/, n.
1. a plane figure having four angles and four sides, as a square.
2. a square or quadrangular space or court that is surrounded by a building or buildings, as on a college campus.
3. the building or buildings around such a space or court.
4. the area shown on one of the standard topographic map sheets published by the U.S. Geological Survey: approximately 17 mi. (27 km) north to south and from 11 to 15 mi. (17 to 24 km) east to west.
[1400-50; late ME < LL quadrangulum, n. use of neut. of L quadrangulus, quadriangulus four-cornered. See QUADR-, ANGLE]

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Rectangular open space completely or partially enclosed by buildings of an academic or civic character.

The grounds of a quadrangle are often grassy or landscaped. Such an area, intended as an environment for contemplation, study, or relaxation, was a feature of monastic establishments and the colleges that evolved from them. The quadrangular layout at New College in Oxford University (completed 1386), with its partially connected buildings, was enormously influential in subsequent collegiate building.

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 in architecture, rectangular open space completely or partially enclosed by buildings of an academic or civic character. The grounds of a quadrangle are often grassy or landscaped. Such a quadrangular area, intended as an environment for contemplation, study, or relaxation, was a feature of monastic establishments and thus of the colleges that evolved from them. The term is also used to describe the building or building complex that contains a quadrangular area.

      The most celebrated quadrangles, extensively imitated in university and college architecture in English-speaking countries, are those of Oxford and Cambridge, in Great Britain. The buildings of New College, Oxford (1380–86), are connected to form a unified mass. This layout was enormously influential in subsequent collegiate building. One of the best-known quadrangles is that of Gonville and Caius, Cambridge (begun 1565), built by John Caius (Caius, John) partly to display the new Renaissance architecture he had seen while journeying in Italy. He created an allegorical “progress” in the quadrangle: one passed in succession through the Gate of Humility, the Gate of Virtue, and finally the Gate of Honour, which led toward the schools, where degrees are conferred.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • quadrangle — [ k(w)adrɑ̃gl ] n. m. • XIIIe; bas lat. quadrangulum ♦ Géom. Figure géométrique formée par quatre points (dont trois quelconques ne sont pas alignés) et les six droites qui les joignent deux à deux. ● quadrangle nom masculin (latin quadrangulus)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Quadrangle — may refer to:*Quadrangle (architecture), a space or courtyard, usually square or rectangular in plan, the four sides of which are entirely or mainly occupied by parts of a large building *Quadrangle (geography), a United States Geological Survey… …   Wikipedia

  • quadrangle — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. quadrangle (13c.), from L.L. quadrangulum four sided figure, properly neuter of Latin adjective quadrangulus having four quarters, from L. quattuor four (see FOUR (Cf. four)) + angulus angle (see ANGLE (Cf. angle) (n.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • quadrangle — [kwä′draŋ΄gəl] n. [ME < MFr < LL quadrangulum < L quadr < quattuor,FOUR + angulus,ANGLE1] 1. Geom. a plane figure with four angles and four sides 2. a) an area, as of a college campus, surrounded on its four sides by buildings …   English World dictionary

  • Quadrangle — Quad ran gle, n. [F., fr. L. quadrangulum; quattuor four + angulus an angle. See {Four}, and {Angle} a corner.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Geom.) A plane figure having four angles, and consequently four sides; any figure having four angles. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • quadrangle — ► NOUN 1) a four sided geometrical figure, especially a square or rectangle. 2) a square or rectangular courtyard enclosed by buildings. DERIVATIVES quadrangular adjective. ORIGIN from Latin quadri four + angulus corner, angle …   English terms dictionary

  • Quadrangle —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Quadrangle (Mars).  Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Quadrangle », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Un quadrangle est la figure formée par quatre points A, B, C, D tels que… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • quadrangle — (koua dran gl ) s. m. 1°   Figure qui a quatre angles, quatre côtés. •   L on nomme de trois côtés ou triangles, celle [la figure] qui est contenue de trois lignes droites ; et de quatre côtés ou quadrangle, celle qui est comprise de quatre… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • quadrangle — noun /ˈkwɒdˌɹæŋ.ɡəl/ a) A geometric shape with four angles and four straight sides. I looked up from my desk and saw that suddenly there were big flakes twirling down into the quadrangle, settling on the carefully pruned shrubbery bordering the… …   Wiktionary

  • quadrangle — UK [ˈkwɒdˌræŋɡ(ə)l] / US [ˈkwɑˌdræŋɡ(ə)l] noun [countable] Word forms quadrangle : singular quadrangle plural quadrangles a square area in a school or university surrounded on all sides by buildings …   English dictionary

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