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protocol

Translation
protocol
protocolar /proh'teuh kol"euhr/, protocolary, protocolic, adj.
/proh"teuh kawl', -kol', -kohl'/, n.
1. the customs and regulations dealing with diplomatic formality, precedence, and etiquette.
2. an original draft, minute, or record from which a document, esp. a treaty, is prepared.
3. a supplementary international agreement.
4. an agreement between states.
5. an annex to a treaty giving data relating to it.
6. Med. the plan for carrying out a scientific study or a patient's treatment regimen.
7. Computers. a set of rules governing the format of messages that are exchanged between computers.
8. Also called protocol statement, protocol sentence, protocol proposition. Philos. a statement reporting an observation or experience in the most fundamental terms without interpretation: sometimes taken as the basis of empirical verification, as of scientific laws.
v.i.
9. to draft or issue a protocol.
[1535-45; earlier protocoll < ML protocollum < LGk protókollon orig., a leaf or tag attached to a rolled papyrus manuscript and containing notes as to contents. See PROTO-, COLLOID]

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I
In computer science, a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data between electronic devices, such as computers.

In order for computers to exchange information, there must be a preexisting agreement as to how the information will be structured and how each side will send and receive it. Without a protocol, a transmitting computer, for example, could be sending its data in 8-bit packets while the receiving computer might expect the data in 16-bit packets. Protocols are established by international or industrywide organizations. Perhaps the most important computer protocol is OSI (Open Systems Interconnection), a set of guidelines for implementing networking communications between computers. The most important sets of Internet protocols are TCP/IP, HTTP, and FTP.
II
(as used in expressions)
file transfer protocol
HyperText Transfer Protocol
Internet Protocol address
Protocol for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • protocol — pro‧to‧col [ˈprəʊtəkɒl ǁ ˈproʊtəkɒːl, kɑːl] noun 1. [countable] COMPUTING an established method for connecting computers so that they can exchange information: • You have to use a different protocol with this new modem. • HTTP is an Internet… …   Financial and business terms

  • Protocol — may also refer to:Standards in information automation: * Communications protocol * Protocol (computing) * Protocol (object oriented programming) * Cryptographic protocolProcedures for human behavior: * Protocol (diplomacy) * Protocol, a.k.a.… …   Wikipedia

  • protocol — PROTOCÓL, protocoale, s.n. 1. Act, document în care sunt consemnate rezoluţiile unei adunări, ale unor dezbateri, ale unei conferinţe internaţionale; document diplomatic cu valoarea unui acord internaţional, care cuprinde hotărârile luate la o… …   Dicționar Român

  • Protocol — • The formula used at the beginning of public acts drawn up by notaries; also, the compact register in which notaries register these acts; finally, the first draft of these acts Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Protocol      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • protocol — pro·to·col / prō tə ˌkȯl/ n 1: an original draft, minute, or record of a document or transaction 2 a: a preliminary memorandum often formulated and signed by diplomatic negotiators as a basis for a final convention or treaty b: the records or… …   Law dictionary

  • Protocol — Pro to*col, v. t. To make a protocol of. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Protocol — Pro to*col, n. [F. protocole, LL. protocollum, fr. Gr. ? the first leaf glued to the rolls of papyrus and the notarial documents, on which the date was written; prw^tos the first (see {Proto }) + ? glue.] 1. The original copy of any writing, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Protocol — Pro to*col, v. i. To make or write protocols, or first draughts; to issue protocols. Carlyle. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • protocol —   [engl.], Protokoll …   Universal-Lexikon

  • protocol — 1540s, as prothogall draft of a document, from M.Fr. prothocole (c.1200), from M.L. protocollum draft, lit. the first sheet of a volume (on which contents and errata were written), from Gk. protokollon first sheet glued onto a manuscript, from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • protocol — noun 1. (computer science) rules determining the format and transmission of data • Syn: ↑communications protocol • Topics: ↑computer science, ↑computing • Hypernyms: ↑rule, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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