Poltava
/pul tah"veuh/, n.
a city in E Ukraine, SW of Kharkov: Russian defeat of Swedes 1709. 309,000.

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      city, east-central Ukraine. It lies along the Vorskla River. Archaeological evidence dates the city from the 8th to the 9th century, although the first documentary reference is from 1174, when it was variously known as Oltava or Ltava. Destroyed by the Tatars in the early 13th century, it was the centre of a Cossack regiment by the 17th century. In 1709 Peter I the Great inflicted a crushing defeat on Charles XII of Sweden outside Poltava after Charles had laid siege to the town for three months. In 1802 it became a provincial centre.

      The modern city of Poltava is largely new, having been reconstructed after it suffered severe damage during World War II. It is the focus of a fertile agricultural region and has a range of industries processing farm produce. One of the largest cotton mills in Ukraine was built for the city's textile and clothing industries. Important engineering works have engaged in diesel-locomotive repair and machine building. Poltava has teacher-training, medical, agricultural, and agricultural-engineering institutes, and several research establishments. Pop. (2001) 317,998; (2005 est.) 309,960.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Poltava — v. d Ukraine, sur la Vorskla, affl. du Dniepr (r. g.); 302 000 hab.; ch. l. de la rég. du m. nom. Industr. Pierre le Grand y vainquit le roi de Suède Charles XII (1709) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Poltava — [pō̂l tä′vä] city in EC Ukraine: scene of a battle (1709) in which the Russians under Peter the Great defeated Sweden: pop. 320,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Poltava — Infobox Settlement official name = Poltava native name = Полтава nickname = imagesize = 250px image caption = imagesize = 250px image caption = image shield = Poltava coat.svg image coa = Poltav s.gif nickname = motto = mapsize = 250px map… …   Wikipedia

  • Poltava — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom de Poltava désigne : Sommaire 1 Toponyme 2 Patronyme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Poltava — Poltawa (Полтава) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poltava — noun a) A city in east central Ukraine, administrative centre of Poltava province. b) Poltava province (oblast), in central Ukraine. Syn: Ltava, Poltava Oblast …   Wiktionary

  • poltava — pälˈtävə adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Poltava, city in east central Ukraine, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Poltava, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of the kind or style prevalent in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Poltava — Original name in latin Poltava Name in other language Gorad Paltava, PLV, Poltava, Poltavae, Poltavo, Poltawa, Potawa, Pultava, bo er ta wa, poltaba, porutavuPoltavaa, pwltawa, pwltbh, Горад Палтава, Полтав Полтава State code UA Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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