/playt"lit/, n. Cell Biol.a small platelike body, esp. a blood platelet.[1890-95; PLATE1 + -LET]
* * *or thrombocyteSmall, colourless, irregular blood cell crucial in coagulation.Produced in bone marrow and stored in the spleen, platelets accumulate to block a cut in a blood vessel and provide a surface for fibrin strands to adhere to, contract to pull the strands together, and take part in the conversion sequence of coagulation factors. They also store and transport several chemicals.
* * *also called thrombocytecolourless, nonnucleated blood component that is important in the formation of blood clots ( coagulation). Platelets are found only in the blood of mammals.Platelets are formed when cytoplasmic fragments of megakaryocytes, which are very large cells in the bone marrow, pinch off into the circulation as they age. They are stored in the spleen. Some evidence suggests platelets may also be produced or stored in the lungs, where megakaryocytes are frequently found.Platelets play an important role in the formation of a blood clot (coagulation) by aggregating to block a cut blood vessel and provide a surface on which strands of fibrin form an organized clot, by contracting to pull the fibrin strands together to make the clot firm and permanent, and, perhaps most important, by providing or mediating a series of clotting factors necessary to the formation of the clot. Platelets also store and transport several chemicals, including serotonin, epinephrine (epinephrine and norepinephrine), histamine, and thromboxane; upon activation these molecules are released and initiate local blood vessel constriction, which facilitates clot formation.At birth the number of platelets is low, but by three months of age the adult level is reached. The number of platelets rises following trauma or asphyxiation, at high altitudes, after exercise, and in cold temperatures; the number may be temporarily lowered by menstruation in women. Certain chemicals may prolong the life of platelets; smoking is believed to shorten their life spans.
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