Moesia
/mee"shee euh/, n.
an ancient country in S Europe, S of the Danube and N of ancient Thrace and Macedonia: later a Roman province.

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Province of the Roman Empire, southeastern Europe.

Bordered by the Danube River and the Black Sea, it was conquered by Rome (30–28 BC) and became a Roman province in AD 15. During the Dacian Wars (AD 85–89) it was divided into two provinces: Moesia Superior and Moesia Inferior. Despite barbarian invasions, it remained part of the Eastern Roman Empire until the 7th century, when it was occupied by Slavs and Bulgarians.

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▪ ancient province, Europe
      province of the Roman Empire, in the southeastern Balkans in what is now Serbia, part of Macedonia, and part of Bulgaria. Its first recorded people were the Moesi, a Thracian tribe. The lower Danube River was the province's northern border, with the Drinus (now Drina) River on the west, the Haemus (Balkan) Mountains on the south, and the Black Sea on the east. Moesia was conquered by Marcus Licinius Crassus (grandson of the famous triumvir) in 28 BC, according to the Roman historian Dio Cassius. At first Moesia was treated as part of the imperial province of Macedonia and was ruled by imperial legates, called prefects (praefecti), who are recorded no later than AD 6. By the time that the rest of Macedonia was divided in 45 or 46, Moesia already was a separate province.

      During the emperor Domitian's Dacian Wars (85–89), Moesia was divided into western and eastern provinces: Moesia Superior and Moesia Inferior, separated by the Ciabrus (modern Tsibritsa) River. Under the emperor Trajan, parts of present Romania were added to Moesia Inferior. Because Moesia was a frontier region, the area had to be garrisoned by Roman troops, whose legionary camps were built along the Danube River. Several Greek cities sprang up near the mouth of the Danube, and the other principal cities of Moesia grew out of the legionary camps along the Danube—for example, Singidunum (now Beograd). These, too, had sizable Greek elements in their population, given the predominantly Greek composition of the legions there.

      Moesia was a fairly prosperous province, since surplus wheat from the Black Sea area was always assured of a market in the Roman Empire. In the province's interior, agriculture and fruit-growing flourished, and there was mineral wealth in the Balkan Mountains. The province suffered heavily from barbarian invasions in the 3rd century AD, and when the neighbouring province of Dacia was abandoned about 270, its inhabitants were largely transferred to Moesia. Despite these difficulties, Moesia remained part of the Eastern Roman Empire until the 7th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • MOESIA — Mysia Ptol. et Strab. regio Europae, in superiorem et inferiorem Ciabrô fluviô divisa. Superior Bosna ad Occidentem et Servia ad Ortum dicitur. Inferior Bulgaria, in superioris et Thraciae confinio, inter Haemum montem, et Danubium fluv. contenta …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Moesia — [mē′shē ə, mē′shə] ancient Roman province in SE Europe, between the Danube & the Balkan Mountains …   English World dictionary

  • Moesia — The Roman empire in the time of Hadrian (ruled 117 38 AD), showing, on the lower Danube river, the imperial provinces of Moesia Superior (Serbia) and Moesia Inferior (N. Bulgaria/coastal Romania), and the 2 legion deployed in each in 125 …   Wikipedia

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  • Moesia — geographical name ancient country & Roman province SE Europe in modern Serbia & Bulgaria S of the Danube from the Drina to the Black Sea …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Moesia —    Roman province (from 29 B.C.) on the lower Danube (q.v.), extending to the Black Sea (q.v.) in what is today Serbia and Bulgaria (qq.v.). It was overrun by the Huns (q.v.) in the fifth century, and lost to the Slavs and Avars (qq.v.) in the… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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  • Moesia — Moe•si•a [[t]ˈmi ʃi ə[/t]] n. geg anh an ancient country in S Europe, S of the Danube and N of ancient Thrace and Macedonia: later a Roman province …   From formal English to slang

  • Moesia — /ˈmisjə/ (say meesyuh) noun an ancient country in southern Europe, south of the Danube and north of ancient Thrace and Macedonia; later a Roman province …   Australian English dictionary

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