long jump
1. a jump for distance from a running start.
2. a field event featuring competition in the long jump. Also called broad jump, running broad jump.
[1880-85]

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Track-and-field sport consisting of a horizontal jump for distance.

It was formerly performed from both standing and running starts, as separate events, but the standing long jump is no longer included in major competitions. The running long jump was an event in the Olympic Games of 708 BC and in the modern Games from 1896. In 1948 the women's long jump became an Olympic event.

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also called  broad jump  
 sport in athletics (track-and-field) consisting of a horizontal jump for distance. It was formerly performed from both standing and running starts, as separate events, but the standing long jump is no longer included in major competitions. It was discontinued from the Olympic Games after 1912. The running long jump was an event in the Olympic Games of 708 BC and in the modern Games from 1896.

      The standard venue for the long jump includes a runway at least 45 metres (147.5 feet) in length with no outer limit, a takeoff board planted level with the surface at least 1 metre (3.3 feet) from the end of the runway, and a sand-filled landing area at least 2.75 metres (9 feet) wide and 10 metres (32.8 feet) long.

  The jumper usually begins his approach run about 30 m (100 feet) from the takeoff board and accelerates to reach maximum speed at takeoff while gauging his stride to arrive with one foot on and as near as possible to the edge of the board. If a contestant steps beyond the edge (scratch line), his jump is disallowed; if he leaps from too far behind the line, he loses valuable distance.

      The most commonly used techniques in flight are the tuck, in which the knees are brought up toward the chest, and the hitch kick, which is in effect a continuation of the run in the air. The legs are brought together for landing, and, since the length of the jump is measured from the edge of the takeoff board to the nearest mark in the landing area surface made by any part of the body, the jumper attempts to fall forward.

      In international competition the eight contestants who make the longest jumps in three preliminary attempts qualify to make three final attempts. The winner is the one who makes the single longest jump in the final competition. In 1935 Jesse Owens (Owens, Jesse) of the United States set a record of 8.13 metres (26.6 feet) that was not broken until 1960. Similarly, American Bob Beamon held the long jump record of 8.90 metres (29.2 feet) from 1968 until 1991, when it was broken by American Mike Powell, who leapt 8.95 metres (29.4 feet). Beginning in 1948, the women's long jump became an Olympic event.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • long jump — long′ jump n. 1) spo a jump for distance from a running start 2) spo an athletic field event featuring competition in the long jump Also called broad jump • Etymology: 1880–85 long′jump , v.i. long′ jump er, n …   From formal English to slang

  • long jump — n the long jump a sport in which each competitor tries to jump further than anyone else >long jumper n …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • long jump — ► NOUN (the long jump) ▪ an athletic event in which competitors jump as far as possible along the ground in one leap. DERIVATIVES long jumper noun …   English terms dictionary

  • long jump — Track & Field n. 1. an event in which contestants take turns jumping for distance, after a running start, usually into a long pit of sand 2. a jump in such an event …   English World dictionary

  • Long jump — The long jump is an athletics (track and field) event in which athletes combine speed, strength, and agility in an attempt to leap as far from the take off point as possible.Competitors sprint down a runway (usually coated with the same… …   Wikipedia

  • long jump — noun 1. a competition that involves jumping as far as possible from a running start • Syn: ↑broad jump • Hypernyms: ↑field event • Part Meronyms: ↑run up 2. the act of jumping as far as possible from a running start • …   Useful english dictionary

  • long-jump — /lawng jump , long /, v.i. Track and Field. to execute a long jump. Also, broad jump. * * * …   Universalium

  • long-jump — /lawng jump , long /, v.i. Track and Field. to execute a long jump. Also, broad jump …   Useful english dictionary

  • long jump — noun (the long jump) an athletic event in which competitors jump as far as possible along the ground in one leap. Derivatives long jumper noun …   English new terms dictionary

  • long jump — noun the long jump a sport in which each competitor tries to jump further than anyone else long jumper noun (C) …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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