kung fu
/kung" fooh", koong"/
an ancient Chinese method of self-defense by striking blows at vulnerable areas of an attacker's body using fluid movements of the hands and legs.
[ < Chin gongfú lit., skill]

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Pinyin gongfu

Chinese martial art that is simultaneously a spiritual and a physical discipline.

It has been practiced at least since the Zhou dynasty (1111–255 BC). Its prescribed stances and actions are based on keen observations of human skeletal and muscular anatomy and physiology, and many of its movements are imitations of the fighting styles of animals. Its combative techniques resemble those used in karate and tae kwon do. Self-discipline is emphasized. Kung fu performed as exercise resembles t'ai chi ch'uan.

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Chinese [Wade-Giles romanization]“skill” , Pinyin  gongfu  

      a martial art, both a form of exercise with a spiritual dimension stemming from concentration and self-discipline and a primarily unarmed mode of personal combat often equated with karate or tae kwon do. The term kung fu can also signify careful preparation for the performance of any skillful endeavour without interference from the intellect or emotions.

      As martial art, kung fu can be traced to the Zhou dynasty (1111–255 BC) and even earlier. As exercise it was practiced by the Daoists in the 5th century BC. Its prescribed stances and actions are based on keen observations of human skeletal and muscular anatomy and physiology, and it employs great muscular coordination. The various movements in kung fu, most of which are imitations of the fighting styles of animals, are initiated from one of five basic foot positions: normal upright posture and the four stances called dragon, frog, horse riding, and snake. There are hundreds of styles of kung fu, and armed as well as unarmed techniques have been developed. In the latter half of the 20th century a new genre of action films centred on kung fu techniques and philosophies emerged and helped to promote international interest in the art. See also martial art.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kung-fu — [ kuŋfu ] n. m. inv. • v. 1970; mot chin. ♦ Art martial chinois, proche du karaté. Films de kung fu. ● kung fu nom masculin invariable (mot chinois) Art martial chinois, constituant à la fois une forme de culture physique et un sport de combat à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kung-Fu — 〈n.; od. s; unz.〉 chin. Technik der Selbstverteidigung [chin.] * * * Kụng Fu, das; [s] [engl. kung fu < chin. gongfu]: aus China stammende sportliche Disziplin u. Methode der Selbstverteidigung im Stil des Karate. * * * Kung Fu   [chinesisch] …   Universal-Lexikon

  • kung-fu — «KUHNG FOO», noun, or kung fu, a Chinese method of fighting without weapons by striking blows at vulnerable places of the body: »“I will make you a master of Chinese kung fu” promises page one, beside a titillating sketch of a tiny Oriental… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kung fu — (de or. chino; pronunc. [cunfú]) m. Técnica de lucha cuerpo a cuerpo de origen budista en que se emplean las manos y los pies. * * * Kung fu o gongfu (功夫, pinyin: gōngfu) es un término chino bien conocido en occidente para designar a las artes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • kung-fu — Voz tomada del inglés kung fu, que designa un arte marcial de origen chino: «El sistema de competición está basado en los aspectos técnicos, estéticos y educativos del kung fu» (FVigo [Esp.] 22.11.02). Esta es la grafía asentada en español y, por …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • kung-fu — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. n ndm, sport. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} jedna ze wschodnich sztuk walki, zbliżona do boksu, prowadzona bez użycia broni, stosująca uderzenia we wrażliwe punkty ciała przeciwnika, boks chiński : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Mistrzostwa… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • kung fu — [ ,kʌŋ fu, ,kuŋ fu ] noun uncount a Chinese sport in which people fight using their hands and feet. Kung fu is a martial art …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • kung-fu — (Del ingl. kung fu, transcripción del chino gongfu, de gong, mérito, y fu, maestro). m. Arte marcial de origen chino, semejante al kárate …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Kung-Fu — das; [s] <über engl. kung fu zu chin. gongfu »sorgfältig studieren, hart arbeiten«> aus China stammende Form der Selbstverteidigung im Stil des Karate …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • kung fu — 1966, from dialectal Chinese kung fu, said to meant literally merit master, but Barnhart has it as boxing method …   Etymology dictionary

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