/jaws/, n.a city in central Nigeria. 105,000.
* * *▪ Nigeriatown, capital of Plateau state, on the Jos Plateau (altitude 4,250 feet [1,295 metres]) of central Nigeria, on the Delimi River and near the source of the Jamaari River (called the Bunga farther downstream). Formerly the site of Geash, a village of the Birom people, the town developed rapidly after the British learned, about 1903, of vast tin deposits in the vicinity. Africans had long gathered the metal from the alluvial beds of the Delimi and other plateau streams. In 1905 mining was begun at Naraguta Hausawa (31/2 miles [6 km] north), a tin-working centre since the 18th century. The metal was sent by headload to the Benue River port of Loko (150 miles [240 km] southwest), where it was transshipped to Forcados in the Niger Delta for export. The Bauchi Light Railway was built in 1914 to carry the tin from Jos and nearby Bukuru to Zaria (114 miles [184 km] northwest) and thence by main rail line to Lagos; the extension of the standard-gauge railway from Port Harcourt in 1927 opened a more direct route to the Niger Delta ports, and in 1957 the Bauchi Light Railway was closed. Mining for columbite, of which Nigeria is the world's largest producer, became important during World War II, and in the early 1960s smelters were constructed near Jos. Tin and columbite, now obtained by opencast mining, are smelted, cast into ingots, and shipped by rail to Port Harcourt for export to Europe and the United States. There are deposits of kaolin (a clay used in making ceramics) associated with the tin fields, and they are also worked commercially. Other local enterprises include food processing, beer brewing, and the manufacture of cosmetics, soap, rope, jute bags, and furniture. Heavy industry produces cement and asbestos cement, crushed stone, rolled steel, and tire retreads. Jos also is a centre for the construction industry and has several printing and publishing firms. The Jos-Bukuru dam and reservoir on the Shen River provide water for the city's industries.Although some Birom work in the mines and live in the town, the mineral wealth has attracted to Jos large numbers of outsiders, including Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, and Europeans. Sorghum, millet, and acha (a grain known as hungry rice) are the chief staple crops in the area, but neighbouring farmers also cultivate cash crops (yams, potatoes, cassava [manioc], corn [maize], and green vegetables) for the Jos market. Milk products are supplied by the dairy at Vom, 18 miles (29 km) south-southwest.Jos, with a high elevation and one of the coolest climates in Nigeria, has been a hill resort since the beginning of World War II. Many of its streets are wide and tree-lined. The Jos Museum (1952), the nation's oldest, houses examples of terra-cotta figurines produced by the Nok culture, a civilization that flourished in the area probably between 900 BCE and 200 CE; bronze, brass, wood, and pottery artifacts are also displayed. The museum also operates (jointly with UNESCO) a school for museum technicians. The town has a 60-acre (24-hectare) park with a zoo (1955), an open-air museum of traditional architecture, and an arboretum. The University of Jos, which includes a teaching hospital, opened in 1975, and the Federal School of Medical Laboratory Technology is also located in the town. Jos is served by public, private, and religiously sponsored general and specialized hospitals. It lies on the rail spur that joins the railroad to Port Harcourt, 378 miles (608 km) south-southwest, and has road connections with Lafia, Bauchi, Kaduna, and Zaria. An airfield is 2 miles (3.2 km) south. Pop. (2006) local government area, 821,718.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Jos — Jos, Nigeria Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Jos — is a city in Nigeria s middle belt and is the administrative capital of Plateau State. It is located at coord|9|56|0|N|8|53|00|E|region:NG type:city(510300), high on the Jos Plateau. During British colonial rule it became an important centre for… … Wikipedia
José — de Nazaret Origen Hebreo Género Masculino … Wikipedia Español
José — José, Josefa n. p. Nombre de persona. ⇒ Pepe, a; Pepito, a. V. «¡Jesús, María y José!, vara de San José». * * * José. □ V. Patrocinio de San José. * * * (Este artículo es sobre José, hijo de Jacob, para información sobre el padre putativo de… … Enciclopedia Universal
José Muñoz — may refer to:*José Antonio Muñoz, a.k.a. Muñoz (born 1942), Argentine artist and cartoonist. *José Esteban Muñoz (born 1967), U.S. Latino writer, academic. *Jose Munoz (baseball) (born 1967), an American baseball player *José Muñoz (wrestler)… … Wikipedia
José Díaz — es el conjunto de un nombre propio José y primer apellido Díaz que puede referirse a varios personajes: José E. Díaz Chávez (1932 ), político uruguayo del Partido Socialista del Uruguay; José Díaz Fernández (1898 1941), escritor español; José… … Wikipedia Español
José Ibáñez — es el conjunto, del nombre propio José y el primer apellido Ibáñez, que puede referirse a: Personajes José Ibáñez (1656 1694), pintor español; José Ibáñez Marín (1868 1909), militar, escritor e historiador español; José Ibáñez Martín (1896 1969) … Wikipedia Español
José Núñez — es el conjunto de un nombre propio José y primer apellido Núñez que puede referirse a: Personajes Argentina José Núñez (1938 1999), poeta y músico argentino; … Wikipedia Español
José Ríos — es la conjunto de un nombre propio José y un apellido Ríos que puede referirse a varios personajes: José Ríos (? 1777), escritor español; José A. Ríos Granados (1958 2007), político mexicano; José Ríos Ortega (1974 ), atleta español; José V. Ríos … Wikipedia Español
José Núñez — may refer to * José Núñez, President of Nicaragua in 1839. * José Núñez (right handed pitcher), baseball pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays and Chicago Cubs * José Núñez (left handed pitcher), baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers and San… … Wikipedia
José Frías — 20.° Gobernador de la Provincia de Tucumán 22 de febrero de 1831 – 4 de noviembre de 1831 … Wikipedia Español
- Peru - one thousand and three years., 1972 — The film is about one of the countries in Latin America - Peru, about today's life of the country, about first reformations by the revolutionary military government.
- Cuban Report., 1977 — About the present days of Cuba, Soviet-Cuban relations, friendship and cooperation.