irredentist
/ir'i den"tist/, n.
1. (usually cap.) a member of an Italian association that became prominent in 1878, advocating the redemption, or the incorporation into Italy, of certain neighboring regions (Italia irredenta) having a primarily Italian population.
2. a member of a party in any country advocating the acquisition of some region included in another country by reason of cultural, historical, ethnic, racial, or other ties.
adj.
3. pertaining to or supporting such a party or its doctrine.
[1880-85; < It irredentista, equiv. to (Italia) irredent(a) (Italy) unredeemed (fem. of irredento, equiv. to ir- IR-2 + redento < L redemptus; see REDEMPTION) + -ista -IST]

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▪ Italian patriots
Italian  Irredentista,  plural  Irredentisti,  

      any of the Italian patriots prominent in the last quarter of the 19th century and the early 20th century who sought to deliver Italian lands from foreign rule. Their name was derived from the words Italia irredenta (“unredeemed Italy”), and their object was to emancipate the lands of Trentino (south Tirol), Gorizia, Istria, Trieste, Ticino, Nice, Corsica, and Malta from Austrian, Swiss, French, and British rule.

      The Irredentists aimed especially at gaining several Italian-inhabited areas still controlled by Austria after the process of Italian unification (1860–70). In the last two decades of the 19th century, they opposed Italy's adherence to the Triple Alliance, which included Austria. The Irredentists contributed to the pressure that caused the Italian government to enter World War I on the side of the Allies (May 1915). Italy's acquisition of the Istrian (Istria) peninsula on the north Adriatic and of south Tirol from Austria after the war fulfilled the hopes of many of the Irredentists.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • irredentist — n. an advocate of irredentism, especially a person in one country who advocates the incorporation of a region in another country related historically to his country. Syn: irridentist. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • irredentist — (n.) 1882, member of Italian political party which (after 1878) demanded the annexation of neighboring Italian speaking regions (Trieste, S. Tyrol, Nice, Corsica, etc.), from It. Irredentista, from (Italia) irredenta unredeemed (Italy). Related:… …   Etymology dictionary

  • irredentist — ► NOUN 1) a person advocating the restoration to their country of any territory formerly belonging to it. 2) historical (in 19th century Italian politics) an advocate of the return to Italy of all Italian speaking districts subject to other… …   English terms dictionary

  • irredentist — [ir΄i den′tist] n. [It irredentista < ( Italia) irredenta, unredeemed (Italy) < L in , not + redemptus: see REDEMPTION] 1. [usually I ] Historical any member of an Italian political party, organized in 1878, seeking to recover for Italy… …   English World dictionary

  • irredentist — noun or adjective see irredentism …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Irredentist — Irredentismus ist die Bezeichnung einer Ideologie, die auf die Zusammenführung möglichst aller Vertreter einer bestimmten Ethnie in einem einheitlichen Staat hinzielt, in der Regel durch Annexion von Gebieten anderer Staaten. Im Besonderen ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • irredentist — 1. noun /ɪɹɪˈdɛntɪst/ Someone who calls for the seizure or recovery of territories or states currently subject to other countries; an adherent of irredentism. As the assassination of Sadat proved, the Arab irredentists, like the Zionist ultras,… …   Wiktionary

  • Irredentist — noun /ɪɹɪˈdɛntɪst/ A member or supporter of the Italian party after 1878 which called for the recovery of all Italian speaking territories subject to other countries …   Wiktionary

  • Irredentist — Ir|re|den|tịst 〈m. 16〉 Anhänger des Irredentismus * * * Ir|re|den|tịst, der; en, en [ital. irredentista]: Angehöriger der Irredenta …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Irredentist — Ir|re|den|tịst 〈m.; Gen.: en, Pl.: en〉 Anhänger des Irredentismus …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

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