equine infectious anemia
Pathol., Vet. Pathol.
See swamp fever (def. 2).

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also called  swamp fever 

      disease of horses that is caused by a non-oncogenic (non-cancer-causing) retrovirus. Bloodsucking insects, especially horseflies, transmit the disease. Signs, which appear about two weeks after exposure, include fever, progressive weakness, weight loss, edema, and anemia. An attack lasts three to five days. In the chronic form the fever recurs at intervals that vary from days to months. The affected animal is apt to have a shaggy coat, to be thin, weak, and sluggish, and to have swollen legs. An asymptomatic animal may carry the virus. No specific treatment or vaccine is available, but a highly accurate serologic test, the Coggins test, enables identification of infected horses. Human infection, although rare, has been reported.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Equine infectious anemia — virus Virus classification Group: Group VI (ssRNA RT) Family: Retroviridae …   Wikipedia

  • equine infectious anemia — n a serious sometimes fatal disease of horses that is caused by a retrovirus of the genus Lentivirus (species Equine infectious anemia virus) and is marked by intermittent fever, depression, weakness, edema, and anemia called also swamp fever * * …   Medical dictionary

  • equine infectious anemia — n. a viral disease of horses, similar to malaria, characterized by sudden fever, swelling, and anemia; swamp fever …   English World dictionary

  • equine infectious anemia — noun : infectious anemia * * * Pathol., Vet. Pathol. See swamp fever (def. 2) …   Useful english dictionary

  • equine infectious anemia — e′quine infec′tious ane′mia n. vet a viral disease of horses and related animals, characterized by recurring fevers Also called swamp fever …   From formal English to slang

  • equine infectious anemia virus — a virus of the genus Lentivirus that causes equine infectious anemia …   Medical dictionary

  • infectious anemia — n 1) EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA 2) FELINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA …   Medical dictionary

  • infectious anemia of horses — Vet. Pathol. See swamp fever (def. 2). Also called equine infectious anemia. * * * …   Universalium

  • infectious anemia of horses — Vet. Pathol. See swamp fever (def. 2). Also called equine infectious anemia …   Useful english dictionary

  • infectious anemia of horses — equine infectious a …   Medical dictionary

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