Algarve
Al·gar·ve (äl-gärʹvə)
A medieval Moorish kingdom in present-day southern Portugal. It was conquered in 1253 by Alfonso III (1210-1279).

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▪ historical province, Portugal
      historical province of southern Portugal, bounded by the Atlantic Ocean (south and west) and the lower Guadiana River (east). Much of the interior upland region is of low productivity and is sparsely populated; the fertile coastal lowland is more densely inhabited.

      The Phoenicians established bases in the area, and the Romans later conquered it; Visigoths ruled the region until Muslims took control in the early 8th century. After nearly five centuries of Muslim rule, Algarve (Arabic: Al-Gharb, “the west”) was taken into the Portuguese kingdom in 1189, but it retains some of its Moorish characteristics. At Sagres in 1419 Henry the Navigator founded a centre of research that came to be called a school of navigation.

      The region has a warm climate and numerous fine beaches, contributing to its popularity as a holiday destination. The economy is heavily dependent on tourism, which has vastly expanded in recent years and in significant ways altered the landscape. The building of hotels, apartment blocks, and residential housing has been extensive. Moreover, many golf course have also been created along the coast. Fishing (for sardines, horse mackerel, and other types of fish) and fish processing continue, and other industries include wine and cork processing. Agriculture, once vital to the region's economy and based on the cultivation of figs, almonds, olives, oranges, grapes, and carobs, has declined.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Algarve — (NUTS III). El Algarve (del árabe الغرب al Garb, el oeste o el occidente) es la región más meridional de Portugal continental. Engloba una subregión estadística con el mismo nombre y con las mismas dimensiones, y que corresponde también, en su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Algarve — Aunque desde época medieval y hasta bien entrado el siglo xx han convivido las grafías Algarbe y Algarve para denominar esta región del sur de Portugal, y a pesar de que la grafía con b es la más próxima a la etimología (del ár. al garb… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • algarve — adj. 2 g. 1. Relativo ao Algarve, região portuguesa. = ALGARVIO • s. m. 2.  [Antigo, Portugal: Regionalismo] Produto que provém do Algarve e se vende em feiras. 3.  [Antigo, Portugal: Regionalismo] Local onde se vendem esses produtos.… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Algarve — (Geogr.), so v.w. Algarbien …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Algarve — (arab. El Gharb, d.h. »gegen Abend gelegenes Land«), die südlichste und kleinste Provinz von Portugal mit dem Titel eines Königreichs, grenzt im N. an die Provinz Alemtejo, im O. an Spanien, wird im S. und W. vom Meer bespült und ist 4850 qkm (88 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Algarve — Algarve, Algarbĭen, südlichste Provinz (zugleich Bez. Faro) Portugals, 4850 qkm, (1900) 255.191 E.; Hauptstadt Faro …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Algarve — région du Portugal et de la C.E., au S. du pays; 4 960 km², 339 400 hab., cap. Faro …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Algarve — ist das kleinste Königreich der Christenheit. – Deutsche Romanzeitung, III, 47, S. 867 …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Algarve — 37° 00′ 52″ N 7° 56′ 07″ W / 37.01444444, 7.93527778 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Algarve — The Algarve (pron. IPA2|aɫ gaɾv(ɨ)) is the southernmost region of mainland Portugal. It has a area of 5,412 square kilometres with approximately 410,000 permanent inhabitants, and incorporates 16 municipalities. The region coincides with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Algarve — Lagekarte Algarve Die Algarve ist die südlichste Region Portugals. Die Algarve hat eine Fläche von 4.989 km² (5,59 % vom Festlands Portugal) und rund 441.000 Einwohner (4,30 % vom Festlands Portugal). Verwaltungstechnisch bildet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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