Alfvén, Hannes Olof Gösta
Alf·vén (äl-vānʹ), Hannes Olof Gösta. 1908-1995.
Swedish physicist. He won a 1970 Nobel Prize for his theories on plasma physics.

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▪ 1996

      Swedish astrophysicist (b. May 30, 1908, Norrköping, Sweden—d. April 2, 1995, Djursholm, Sweden), was one of the founders of the field of plasma physics and shared the 1970 Nobel Prize for Physics "for fundamental work in magnetohydrodynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma physics." Alfvén was educated at Uppsala University (Ph.D., 1934) and taught at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, from 1940. His early research into auroras and atmospheric magnetic fields led him to theorize in 1942 that plasma (ionized matter in a semigaseous state) passing through magnetic fields in space would create electromagnetic waves (later called Alfvén waves). He also proposed an alternative to the big-bang model of the universe, postulating that the continuous interaction between matter and antimatter would produce an eternal oscillation between expansion and contraction. In 1963 Alfvén was named the Royal Institute's first professor of plasma physics. In 1967, in protest against the Swedish government's plans to build nuclear power plants, he left the institute and his job as a national science adviser and went to the U.S. to teach at the University of California at San Diego. He later reconciled with the Royal Institute and divided his time between San Diego and Stockholm. He retired in 1989. Alfvén's books include Cosmical Electrodynamics (1950), Structure and Evolutionary History of the Solar System (1975; with Gustaf Arrhenius), and a science-fiction novel written under a pseudonym.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Alfvén , Hannes Olof Gösta — (1908–1995) Swedish physicist Alfvén, who was born in Norrkoeping, Sweden, was educated at the University of Uppsala where he received his PhD in 1934. He subsequently worked at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, where he served as… …   Scientists

  • Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén — Hannes Alfvén. Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (* 30. Mai 1908 in Norrköping; † 2. April 1995 in Djursholm) war ein schwedischer Physiker. Er erhielt 1970 den Physik Nobelpreis für „seine grundlegenden Leistungen und Entdeckungen in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén — Hannes Alfvén Hannes Alfvén Naissance 30 mai 1908 Norrköping (Suède) Décès 2 avril 1995 Djursholm (Suède) Nationalité Suédoise Champs Astrophysique, Physique des plasmas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén — (Norrköping, 1908 Estocolmo, 1995). Físico sueco, se licenció en Uppsala en 1926 y obtuvo el doctorado como especialista en física de plasmas por la Universidad de Upsala en 1935. Fue uno de los fundadores de la magnetohidrodinámica de la que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfvén, Hannes — ▪ Swedish physicist in full  Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén   born May 30, 1908, Norrköping, Sweden died April 2, 1995, Djursholm       astrophysicist and winner, with Louis Néel of France, of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1970 for his essential… …   Universalium

  • Hannes Alfven — Hannes Alfvén. Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (* 30. Mai 1908 in Norrköping; † 2. April 1995 in Djursholm) war ein schwedischer Physiker. Er erhielt 1970 den Physik Nobelpreis für „seine grundlegenden Leistungen und Entdeckungen in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hannes Alfvén — Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (Aussprache: [ˌhanːəs alˈveːn], * 30. Mai 1908 in Norrköping; † 2. April 1995 in Djursholm) war ein schwedischer Physiker. Er erhielt 1970 den Physik Nobelpreis für „seine grundlegenden Leistungen und Entdec …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfven-Geschwindigkeit — Als Alfvén Geschwindigkeit (benannt nach dem schwedischen Physiker und Nobelpreisträger Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén) bezeichnet man in der Plasmaphysik die Geschwindigkeit der gleichnamigen Alfvén Welle. Neben der langsamen und der schnellen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hannes Alfven — Hannes Alfvén Hannes Alfvén Naissance 30 mai 1908 Norrköping (Suède) Décès 2 avril 1995 Djursholm (Suède) Nationalité Suédoise Champs Astrophysique, Physique des plasmas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hannes Alfvén — Naissance 30 mai 1908 Norrköping (Suède) Décès 2 avril 1995 Djursholm (Suède) Nationalité Suédoise Champs Astrophysique, Physique des plasmas Institution Université d Uppsala Nobel Institute for Physics Kung …   Wikipédia en Français

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